Different people have different level of risks of acquiring breast cancer. Risk factor or, to be more specific, breast cancer risk factor are factors that increase a person’s tendency or chance of getting the disease as compared with other people. There are many factors, which affect a person’s chance of acquiring breast cancer. Some of them are inherent and cannot be changed while some are only formed as habit and may be changed or avoided completely to reduce the risk. Provided here is a list of factors that increases the risk of breast cancer for some people.
Gender-Just for being a woman, a person will have a higher tendency of getting breast cancer. There are two possible reasons why women have a higher risk for developing breast cancer than men. First, it could be because women have more breast cells. It may also be because their breast cells are constantly exposed to the female hormones, which promotes growth.
Genes and Family history-breast cancer might be generic and could be inherited as a result of gene changes or mutation. Gene testing might be done to ascertain your risk. Also if any of your close blood relatives have developed this disease, then you have higher risk of developing it too.
Age-As you get older, your risk of getting breast cancer also gets higher.
Previous abnormal biopsy and previous history of breast cancer. Previous detection of abnormal changes in the breast increases risk of getting the diseases. Also, if you had had a breast cancer before, there is tendency to develop a new one either in the same or in the other breast. This is to be differentiated from the recurrence of the old cancer.
Menstrual Period-Women who started menstruating earlier or menopause at a later age has a higher breast cancer risk.
Race-White women have higher risk than African-American women. However, studies show that there are more incidents of death due to breast cancer among African-American. This is due to the fact that breast cancer detection is more difficult among them.
Not having children-not having children or having their first child after age 30-increase breast cancer risk.
Other causes of higher risk-alcohol intake, obesity and high fat intake increases breast cancer risk while exercise and other physical activities and breastfeeding lower the risk.
Existence of risk factor, even in a very high level, does not guarantee that one person will contract breast cancer. Similarly, the non-existence of any risk factor does not also guarantee that a person will not contract breast cancer. However, while the two previous statements are true, it is still helpful to know whether you have high risk of contracting the disease. Prevention is still better than cure. Knowing your level of risk can help you do something to reduce it and may even save you from acquiring breast cancer.